Read the full article by Sarah Trafton (Hudson Valley 360)

“CAIRO — Town officials discussed the idea of joining municipalities across the nation in litigation against the makers of a contaminant known as PFAS.

PFAS, or per- and polyfluroalkyl substances, form a group of contaminants, including PFOA and PFOS, that resist degradation and accumulate in the human body.

PFAS have been linked to serious illnesses such as kidney and testicular cancer, thyroid disease, liver damage, preeclampsia and other conditions, according to

Paul Napoli, an attorney with Napoli Shkolnik, a law firm based in Long Island and endorsed by the state Association of Counties, presented to the town board Monday.

Napoli has represented municipalities against MTBE — a contaminant that can be used as an additive in gasoline; first responders whose health was compromised by the 9/11 attacks; and first entered the fight against makers of PFAS about three years ago representing Suffolk County…

Municipalities from Alaska to Maine to Florida with PFAS contamination are having cases heard in Charleston, South Carolina, Napoli said.

‘You shouldn’t be the ones responsible to pay for it,’ Napoli said. ‘It should be the companies that created [the contaminants.]’

Two of the primary producers of PFAS, Napoli said, were 3M and DuPont, which made Scotchgard and Teflon, respectively.

‘They knew back in the ’60s this product had a tendency not to biodegrade,’ Napoli said.

The companies also had knowledge that the products were bioaccumulative and toxic in nature, Napoli said.

A lawsuit filed in November by state Attorney General Letitia James against 3M, DuPont and other manufacturers also cites this prior knowledge.

‘In 1975, 3M concluded that PFOS was present in the blood of the general population,’ according to court papers. ‘Since PFOA/S is not naturally occurring, this finding should have alerted 3M to the possibility that their products were a source of this PFOS. The finding should have also alerted 3M to the possibility that PFOS might be mobile, persistent, bioaccumulative and biomagnifying, as those characteristics could explain the absorption of PFOS in blood from 3M’S products.’

In 1976, 3M found the contaminant in the blood of its employees, according to court papers.

Two years later, a study conducted by 3M showed that PFOA reduced the survival rate of fathead minnow fish eggs, according to court papers.

“Other studies by 3M in 1978 showed that PFOS and PFOA are toxic to rats and that PFOS is toxic to monkeys,” according to court papers. “In one study in 1978, all monkeys died within the first few days of being given food contaminated with PFOS.”

In 1983, 3M found that PFOS caused cancerous tumors in rats, according to court papers.

Both 3M and DuPont paid fines to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for failing to disclose the health risks of their products, for $1.5 million and $10.25 million, respectively, according to court papers. In April 2016, the state Department of Environmental Conservation designated both PFOA and PFOS hazardous substances.

Hoosick Falls is largely responsible for getting the ball rolling in New York, Toxics Targeting President Walter Hang said.

‘New York is way ahead of the rest of the country,’ he said.

A survey performed by Bennington College in 2018 in Hoosick Falls, Petersburgh and Bennington, Vermont, found higher rates of cancer in areas contaminated with PFOA.

With 443 responses, the survey reported 31 instances of kidney cancer, 11 instances of testicular cancer and over 230 instances of thyroid disease in Hoosick Falls, Petersburgh, and Bennington, according to

The EPA has a nonenforceable health advisory limit of 70 parts per trillion but this number has historically gone down, Napoli said…”